This volume is the outcome of a modern phylogenetic analysis of the grass family based on multiple sources of data, in particular molecular systematic studies resulting from a concerted effort by researchers worldwide, including the author. In the classification given here grasses are subdivided into 12 subfamilies with 29 tribes and over 700 genera. The keys and descriptions for the taxa above the rank of genus are hierarchical, i.e. they concentrate upon characters which are deemed to be synapomorphic for the lineages and may be applicable only to their early-diverging taxa.
Beyond the treatment of phylogeny and formal taxonomy, the author presents a wide range of information on topics such as the structural characters of grasses, their related functional aspects and particularly corresponding findings from the field of developmental genetics with inclusion of genes and gene products instrumental in the shaping of morphological traits (in which this volume appears unique within this book series); further topics addressed include the contentious time of origin of the family, the emigration of the originally shade-loving grasses out of the forest to form vast grasslands accompanied by the switch of many members to C4 photosynthesis, the impact of herbivores on the silica cycle housed in the grass phytoliths, the reproductive biology of grasses, the domestication of major cereal crops and the affinities of grasses within the newly circumscribed order Poales.
This volume provides a comprehensive overview of existing knowledge on the Poaceae (Gramineae), with major implications in terms of key scientific challenges awaiting future research. It certainly will be of interest both for the grass specialist and also the generalist seeking state-of-the-art information on the diversity of grasses, the most ecologically and economically important of the families of flowering plants.
This concise guide shows novice houseplant owners exactly how to keep indoor plants alive and healthy. Gardening expert Ellen Zachos helps you choose the right plants in the first place and then shows you how to care for them, outlining what each kind needs in terms of location, sunlight, water, and fertilizer. She also explains when plants should be repotted (and how to do that successfully), how and when to prune them, how to keep them clean of dust and pets, and more. This Storey BasicsÂ® guide has all the information you need to keep any houseplant thriving and beautiful!
During her lifetime, Emily Dickinson did not seek out recognition or attempt to change the world around her, even in the smallest way. A private but not antisocial person, she kept her life's work, and her innermost feelings, almost entirely to herself. Her life was rich in intellectual pursuits, and she had many friends with whom she exchanged witty and brilliant letters, but she rarely left the town of her birth. From the early 1860s onward, she became essentially a recluse.
The study of water stress is one of the most interesting subjects in. the investigation of water relations in plants. From the theoretical point of view it is concerned with investigating the mechanisms of the distribution and movement of water in the plant organism and the way in which physiolo- gical processes are influenced by water deficiency. From the practical point of view, water deficiency is a major factor limiting plant production. It has been progressively shown that water deficiency is not by far* only a factor in plant life in dry climates, that obvious wilting is not the first warning sign of water deficiency and that moderate water stress, caused by temporary negative water balance during the day, affects physiological ac- tivity and decreases prodnction in the ecological conditions of the temperate zone. In addition, even general water deficiency is not today confined to arid or semi-arid zones and to the absolutely dry season of the year. The tremend- ous consumption of water in our civilization has become today, even in the temperate zone, an important competitor with the plant cover. The study of water relations from the aspect of water stress is, therefore, important both theoretically and practically. I assume, therefore, that it was useful, important and interesting to meet in a symposium on water stress in plants and to discuss, as far as possible, in detail problems which are obviously among the main, whose solution would help plant physiology in increasing and improving plant production.